04 March 2020 | Views
Dr Sushant Chhabra, HOD-Emergency Medicine, Manipal Hospitals, Dwarka shares advisory on Coronavirus
Coronavirus belongs to a family of viruses whose infection can cause illness, cold and more severe disease. In the past, we had severe outbreaks of coronavirus infections. We have seen Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) caused by Coronavirus and another was Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS).
What is this new virus?
A new virus has come up from Wuhan city of Hubei Province in China and it has been labelled as COVID 2019.
Where do these coronaviruses come from?
These coronaviruses are found in a white variety of animal species. So the SARS came from coronavirus transmitted from civet cats and the MERS came from camels. So we still not sure where this new coronavirus came from.
This is suspected to come from the seafood market at Wuhan and several known coronaviruses circulated in animals have not yet affected humans.
Coronaviruses are an extremely common cause of cold and upper respiratory infections. These viruses are zoonosis which means it can affect certain animals, straight from one animal to another animal. Coronaviruses are potentially stricted to human particularly if the certain mutation occurs in the virus.
The symptoms of coronavirus infection include cough possibly with the fever and shortness of breath. There is some early report of non-respiratory symptoms nausea, vomiting and diarrhoea. Some people recover within a few days. However some people such as extreme age groups such as children, elderly and people with compromised immunity. People who might be on chemotherapy or those who have long term steroids therapy are also vulnerable groups and they might develop a more serious infection such as bronchitis or pneumonia.
The World Health Organisation has issued detailed Guidelines for reducing the risk of Coronavirus. As caregivers, we also strongly recommend following preventive measures: