Saturday, 25 June 2022

Study links diabetes with cholesterol abnormality

08 April 2022 | News

Over 80% newly diagnosed diabetic patients in India have at least one cholesterol abnormality

Image Credit: Shutterstock

Image Credit: Shutterstock

India Diabetes Study (IDS) has revealed that over 55 per cent of newly diagnosed Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) patients in India have low HDL-C (High Density Lipid – Cholesterol) values, indicating that they are at higher risk of developing some form of cardiovascular disease in their lifetime.

 

The study also suggested that 42 per cent of all T2DM patients are at a high risk of hypertension. The mean BMI of the patients was recorded to be 27.2 – classified as overweight as per the Indian Consensus Group guidelines. 

 

The nationwide study supported by Eris Lifesciences and co-authored by 16 doctors between 2020 and 2021, was conducted in partnership with over 1900 physicians and had a sample size of 5080 patients with a mean age of 48 years, from across 27 states in India. It has been published in the Public Library of Science (PLOS) journal.

 

Other key findings from this study on newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes mellitus patients include:

 

  • 92.5 per cent and 83.5 per cent of the total patients are not on any cholesterol-lowering and anti-hypertension treatment
  • Low HDL-C value was the most frequent major risk (55.6 per cent)
  • 82.5 per cent of patients appeared to have at least one cholesterol abnormality
  • 37.3 per cent of patients were hypertensive and younger than 65 years of age
  • According to the QRISK3 calculation the obese patients in the current population had a 17.1 per cent risk of CVD as compared to 14.8 per cent for those with lower BMI
  • 11.2 per cent of patients had Target Organ Damage – chronic kidney disease in the 3b or higher stage

 

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