It has been estimated that about 200 million people suffer from thyroid disorders worldwide and amongst those 42 million are in India.
SRL Diagnostics, a leading global diagnostic chain recently conducted a three year long data mining survey (2012 - 2014) which revealed increasing numbers of urban men are detected with Thyroid disorders in the recent times. Thyroid disorders, which are most commonly associated with women, are affecting men as well with serious consequences leading to heart problems, mental health issues, Infertility etc.
Hypothyroidism, categorized under the cluster of iodine deficient disorders (IDDs), is highly prevalent in India with one out of 10 people in the country being diagnosed with the condition. It has been estimated that about 200 million people suffer from thyroid disorders worldwide and amongst those 42 million are in India.
As per Dr B R Das, president - Research and Innovation, mentor - Molecular Pathology and Clinical Research Service of SRL Diagnostics, "There is a significant need for reaching out and making people aware of the causes, symptoms, treatment and importance of testing for thyroid problems. SRL Diagnostic's in-house data analysis on thyroid tests assesses the nationwide abnormalities in test results in men residing in various cities that represent diverse geographic origin, occupation, socio-economic status and food habits."
Thyroid diseases are different from other diseases in terms of their ease of diagnosis, accessibility of medical treatment, and the relative visibility that even a small swelling of the thyroid offers to the treating physician. Early diagnosis and treatment remain the cornerstone of management. Even as problems associated with abnormal production of thyroid hormones continues to grow significantly, awareness about the disease in the country among men remains shockingly low.
Of the 14, 24,008 screened for the study by SRL, 22.68 per cent, of the total samples were found with abnormal TSH levels. The younger population within the age group of 31-45 years was at higher risk of thyroid dysfunction (30.33 percent of the samples) than the older population within the age group of 46-60 years (25.81 percent of the samples). The analysis showed the highest prevalence of the disease among men in the eastern zone of the country.
East Zone had highest percentage of abnormality with 25. 2 percent while northern and western zone had 23.9 percent and 21.1 percent respectively. Among the four zones, southern India showed the lowest percentage of abnormality with 19.4 percent.