Dr John O'Keefe, Dr May-Britt Moser and Dr Edvard I Moser
The prize was announced today by Prof Göran K Hansson, Secretary, Nobel Committee for Physiology or Medicine.
Below is the press release from the official website of Nobel Prize:
How do we know where we are? How can we find the way from one place to another? And how can we store this information in such a way that we can immediately find the way the next time we trace the same path?
This year's Nobel Laureates have discovered a positioning system, an "inner GPS" in the brain that makes it possible to orient ourselves in space, demonstrating a cellular basis for higher cognitive function.
In 1971, John O´Keefe discovered the first component of this positioning system. He found that a type of nerve cell in an area of the brain called the hippocampus that was always activated when a rat was at a certain place in a room.