Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2014 announced

The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2014 was divided, one half awarded to Dr John O'Keefe, the other half jointly to Dr May-Britt Moser and Dr Edvard I Moser ‘for their discoveries of cells that constitute a positioning system in the brain’

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Dr John O'Keefe, Dr May-Britt Moser and Dr Edvard I Moser

The prize was announced today by Prof Göran K Hansson, Secretary, Nobel Committee for Physiology or Medicine.

Below is the press release from the official website of Nobel Prize:

How do we know where we are? How can we find the way from one place to another? And how can we store this information in such a way that we can immediately find the way the next time we trace the same path?

This year's Nobel Laureates have discovered a positioning system, an "inner GPS" in the brain that makes it possible to orient ourselves in space, demonstrating a cellular basis for higher cognitive function.

In 1971, John O´Keefe discovered the first component of this positioning system. He found that a type of nerve cell in an area of the brain called the hippocampus that was always activated when a rat was at a certain place in a room.

 

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