• 14 September 2005
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Biotechnology Education in India

Biotechnology Education in India

Biotechnology Education in India

There is a tremendous potential in the super speciality areas for development of high-tech products and processes.

S L Govindwar Director Department of Biotechnology Ministry of Science & Technology (Govt. of India) New Delhi

The last decade belonged to in formation technology and biotechnology and will continue to be attractive in the coming years. This century, however, will be an era of super specializations and the century of advanced technologies and environment-friendly products and processes. Biotechnology has the potential to develop new value-added products, processes, techniques/tools in the area of agriculture, human and animal health and environment protection. Biotechnology is a relatively new subject which has a vast potential for unlocking new technological combinations. It can give the solutions to the problems related to the agricultural production, human and animal health and the development of eco-friendly products as well as industrial pollution control.

Biotechnology is a knowledge-intensive field and has the potential to bring about specific manmade changes in DNA or genetic material in plants, animals and microorganisms leading to useful products and technologies. It has the potential to develop genetically modified plants, animals and microorganisms. The field of Biotechnology in the last decade has already made a significant impact in agricultural, industrial, pharmaceutical and medical sectors. For achieving these goals, trained human resource is required. This was visualized in 1982 by the then National Biotechnology Board (NBTB) and initiated an "Integrated Programme of Human Resource Development". The Department of Biotechnology was the first government body in the country to start Human Resource Development in Biotechnology program in a big way. It is known that unless the trained human resource in Biotechnology is available, no research and developmental programs/activities can be initiated for the development of new products/processes/techniques and tools. Accordingly, the Department of Biotechnology had initiated a number of schemes for HRD. These are:

• Post-Graduate Teaching program (MSc, MTech, MV.Sc and PG diplomas)

• DBT-JRF program

• Post Doctoral Fellowship program

• Short-term training program.

• Biotechnology Industrial Training program

• Biotechnology Overseas Associate ship program

• Technician training program

• Visiting scientist from abroad program

• Scholarships and awards

(a) National Bioscience Award for Career Development

(b) National Woman Bioscientist Award

(c ) Biotechnology Product, Process Development and Commercialization Award

(d) Distinguished Biotechnologist Award Biology Scholarships

• Seminars/symposia/conferences program

• Biotechnology popularization program

• Popular lecture series

• Biotechnology publications in English, Hindi and other languages.

• Biotechnology exhibitions

• National Science Day celebration in Universities/R&D institutions.


The HRD program of the Department of Biotechnology encompasses an intensive teaching and training of young students, training of scientists and technicians at various levels, research associateships to mid-career scientists, visiting scientist from advanced countries for exposing to newly developed techniques used in Biotechnology. Like Information Technology, Biotechnology is nowadays being considered as a potential subject area for the career development and hence some of the private colleges have also started post-graduate teaching courses in Biotechnology. Here I would like to mention that unless the proper teaching facilities and expert faculty are available, one should not go for the post-graduate teaching courses in Biotechnology.

While planning 'HRD in Biotechnology' the newer areas like functional genomics/proteomics, cleaner technologies, gene therapy, bio-safety, industrial biotechnology, molecular and human genetics, rational drug designing, upstream and downstream processing for recombinant products, IPR and patenting in Biotechnology etc. may be considered on top priority. DBT has already covered general biotechnology, agricultural biotechnology, medical biotechnology, marine biotechnology, bioinformatics, Industrial biotechnology, Pharmaceutical biotechnology and biochemical engineering and Biotechnology subject areas for the human resource development at the PG level. Some of the gap areas like environmental biotechnology, industrial biotechnology, proteomics/genomics, molecular genetics etc. needs attention in the coming years to cater the need of industry sector.

Name of the University/Institution Annual intake
MSc General Biotechnology (2- year courses)
Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi 30
Madurai Kamaraj University, Madurai 25
MS University, Baroda 25
University of Pune, Pune 20
Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi 12
Indian Institute of Technology, Mumbai 16
Indian Instt. of Technology, Roorkee (formerly Roorkee University) 24
Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh 14
Guru Nanak Dev University, Amritsar 10
Devi Ahilya Viswavidyalaya, Indore 10
University of Hyderabad, Hyderabad 10
Himachal Pradesh University, Shimla 12
University of Calicut, 12
Banasthali Vidyapeeth, Banasthali, (for girls only) 25
Tezpur University, Tezpur 12
Gulbarga University, Gulbarga. 10
Jammu University, Jammu 10
Gujarat University, Ahmedabad 10
Mysore University, Mysore 10
University of Allahabad, Allahabad 12
Guru Jambheshwar University, Hisar 14
University of Kashmir, Srinagar 10
Kumaun University, Nainital 10
University of North Bengal, Siliguri 10
Lucknow University, Lucknow 10
Utkal University, Bhubneshwar 10
Pondicherry University, Pondicherry 10
Sri Padmavathi Mahila Visvavidyalayam, Tirupati 10
Nagpur Univrsity, Nagpur 10
Visva-Bharathi, Shantiniketan 10
TM Bhagalpur University, Bhagalpur 10
 M.Sc. Agricultural Biotechnology (2 years)
Assam Agricultural University, Jorhat 10
Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore 15
GB Pant University of Agriculture and Technology,Pantnagar 20
Himachal Pradesh Krishi Vishvavidhalaya, Palampur 5
Indira Gandhi Agricultural Univ. Raipur 10
Marathwada Agricultural University, Parbhani 10
Orissa University of Agriculture & Technology, Bhubneshwar 10
University of Agricultural Sciences, Dharward 10
Kerala Agricultural University, Thrissur 10
M. V. Sc (Animal Biotechnology) (2 years)
CCS  Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar 10
Jawaharlal Nehru Krishi Vishwavidyalaya, Jabalpur 10
Master in Medical Biotechnology (2 years)
All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi 10
MSc Marine Biotechnology (2 years)
Goa University, Goa 20
Annamalai University, Parangipettai 10
MSc. Neurosciences (3/2 Years)
Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Mumbai 5
Jiwaji University, Gwalior 10
National Brain Research Center, Gurgaon 10
MSc. Industrial Biotechnology
Sardar Patel University, Vallabh Vidyanagar 10
M.Tech Biochemical Engineering & Biotechnology
(5 years integrated /4 semesters/2 years course)
Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur 20
Indian Institute of Technology, New Delhi 10
Dual degree (5 year integrated as well as 4 semester courses)
Anna University, Chennai 25
University Institute of Chemical Technology, Mumbai
(formerly UDCT, Mumbai)  (* Industry sponsored)


West Bengal University of Technology, Kolkata 15
Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur 10
MTech. Pharmaceutical Biotechnology (2 years)
National Institute of Pharmaceutical Education & Research ,Mohali 10
Post MD/MS Certificate Course in Medical
Biotechnology (1 year)
Sanjay Gandhi Post Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow 5
PG Diploma Course in “Genetic Engineering &
Bioprocess Development” after MSc (1 year)
MS University of Baroda, Baroda 12
PGDiploma Course in “Genetic Engineering &
Bioprocess Development” after MSc (1 year)
MS University of Baroda, Baroda
shwara College, (University of Delhi), New Delhi 20


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