National Dairy Research Institute
Animal Biotechnology Center
NDRI has produced more than 10 calves from a single cow in a year and the IVF
technique was successfully used to produce the world's first IVF calf in buffalo
Name of the Department: Animal Biotechnology Center
Courses: MSc and PhD courses in animal biotechnology
Coordinator: Dr SL Goswami
Address: NDRI, Karnal-132001, Haryana
National Dairy Research Institute was established in Bangalore; in 1955, it was shifted to Karnal in Haryana.
Initiatives for conducting animal biotechnology research at NDRI were taken in mid-1980s under United Nations
Development Program, 'Center of Excellence program on biotechnology'. Under this program, infrastructure
facilities for research in biotechnology were developed at different divisions of the institute. The Animal
Biotechnology Center at NDRI is involved in conducting research on high-end embryo biotechniques, including transgenesis,
somatic cell cloning and embryonic stem cell production In 1987, NDRI introduced MSc in animal biotechnology.
In the same year, on the basis of the recommendations of the National Task Force of the Department of Biotechnology (DBT),
Government of India, a national project on Embryo Transfer Technology (ETT) was initiated at NDRI with the support of
Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) and the United States Agency for International Development (USAID).
This formed the basis for the establishment of a state-of-the-art Embryo Biotechnology Center at NDRI having specialized
laboratories for conducting advanced research on various aspects of embryo biotechnologies.
Very intensive research on embryo biotechnology at NDRI resulted in evolving and fine tuning of several embryo-related
technologies aiming at multiplication of superior germplasm. Using the standardized protocol for superovulation and
embryo transfer, NDRI has produced more than 10 calves from a single cow in one calendar year and the in vitro
fertilization (IVF) technique was successfully used to produce the world's first IVF calf in buffalo. The IVF
technique has also been used to produce the goat kids for the first time in India.
Currently, the Animal Biotechnology Center is involved in conducting research on areas of high-end embryo
biotechniques like transgenesis, somatic cell cloning and embryonic stem cell production. Recognizing its
strength in genomics research, the center has been included in the 'Buffalo Gene Mapping' initiative of the
Department of Biotechnology and Niche Area of Research on Buffalo Production and Reproduction Genomics by ICAR.
Under animal genomics research, the center is working on characterization, mapping and QTL identification
for useful economic traits in buffalo to understand its gene expression regulation of IVM and IVF event.