(Photo Courtesy: www.miltenyibiotec.com)
Macromolecules which include protein, RNA, DNA and nucleic acids undergo separation or are broken into smaller molecules, during production of commercially available biotechnological products.
This separation requires various advanced systems like centrifugation, liquid chromatography, electrophoresis, membrane filtration and other methods for biomolecular methods.
The other methods involve microarray and lab-on-a-chip, flow cytometry, magnetic separation.
The separation systems have immense application in complex compound separation, production of hormones, insulin, vaccines and enzymes used as therapeutic agents against various diseases.
They play important role in cell-tissue characterization and in forensic analysis as well.