rDNA technology in Agriculture has revolutionized food production of the world
The use of r DNA technology in Agriculture has revolutionized food production of the world. The scientists using this technology has been able to produce herbicide resistant, insect resistant and disease resistant plants. In addition to this use of biotechnology tools have given us more nutritious and flavorful foods like golden rice and flavor-saver tomatoes.
Thus biotechnology has given us more abundant, flavorful and nutritious foods produced with less dependence on pesticides and herbicides. Indiscriminate use of pesticides in food and non-food crops is creating health problems and may become the major cause of dreaded disease like cancer.
Minimum use of pesticides on crops can save us from this dreadful disease. This has been further strengthened by the commitment of Agriculture and Processed Food Products Export Development Authority of India that our several food products have been rejected by several countries based on amount of pesticide residues. To cite example, America does not like our chili powder, Russia and Italy is against purchase of rice and during last five years European Union has rejected several of our food products in more than 800 different cases. This rejection is totally based on high amount of pesticide residues on our products and non-compliance of International standards about pesticides residues.
The world population is expected to rise to 12 billion by the year 2030. It is a big dilemma to feed such a large population. Agricultural biotechnology will play a major role in resolving this problem.
More than 30 countries of the world are growing GM crops on more than 400 million acres of land. This includes both developed and developing countries like USA, China, Brazil, Canada, Argentina, India, South Africa etc. India allowed commercialization of Bt cotton ten years ago. Today more than 10 million hectares of land is under cotton cultivation and 92% of the total area is under Bt cotton.