The biotechnology industry in India during FY 2011-12, generated Rs.20,441 crore in revenues and registered 18.55 percent growth. But the gross domestic expenditure on R&D is just 2.1 percent of that of global R&D and there are less than 350 biotech companies in India. This nascent biotech industry needs a financial push from government. With a population of over 1 billion, biotechnology industry has ability to be an indigenous solution provider for India in combating poverty, addressing drastic climatic changes affecting agriculture, and provide technological breakthroughs against life threatening diseases.
Here is what the Dr Rajesh Jain, joint managing director, Panacea Biotec and also chairman, Biotechnology Sub-Committee, Confederation of Indian Industry (CII), which has 40 biotechnology companies as its members states:
1) Offer concessional loan and non refundable grants to R&D activities
2) Weighted Deduction on Expenditure incurred outside R&D facility to be allowed to 200 percent u/s 35 (2AB) of IT Act 1961. With weighted deduction only available for expenditure on in-house R&D facilities, it ignores the fact that Indian companies incur immense expenses on NCE (new chemical entity) and other filings with the US FDA. Since pharma discovery research entails a lengthy, risky and expensive process, provision should specifically be made for:
3) Making critical life-saving drugs available to patients at reduced rates lowers treatment costs for many ailments. Early disease diagnosis also reduces therapy costs and saves lives. Hence it can be proposed that:
Here are the recommendations from FICCI:
Exempt Duty for antigens / antibodies used in diagnostic kits:The import of raw materials such as antigens/ antibodies or any other ingredient corresponding to the manufacture of diagnostic test kits specified in list 4 put the local manufacturer at disadvantage in comparison to imported finished diagnostic test kit specified in list 4 which is imported at nil Duty. The notification should therefore include: "Bulk drugs/antigens/antibodies (monoclonal/polyclonal)/ raw materials/components used in the manufacture of life saving drugs /medicines including their salts and esters and diagnostic test kits".
The following items which were a part of the now abolished List 37 need to be included in List 4 under notification No.12/2012-Customs, dated 17/03/2012 to allow for a level playing field for both Indian manufacturers and importers.